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Jewelry Knowledge Base

June Birthstone

Guide to Understanding Birthstones

June Birthstone - Purity, Chastity and Marraiage

Thro' the moss-agate's charm,

the happy years Ne'er see June's golden sunshine turn to tears.

Who comes with summer to this earth,
And owes to June her hour of birth,
With ring of agate on her hand
Can health, wealth, and long life command.

Gregorian Birthstone Poem - of unknown author


JUNE: PEARL

Pearls suggest chastity, modesty and stable marriage relationships. They have long been a symbol of purity. The ancient Greeks believed that pearls were the hardened tears of joy from Aphrodite, the goddess of love. Pearl is worn to calm a restless mind and to control anger. It is believed that people who wear pearl can succeed in creative work and it is also linked with a successful married life.



Pearl - Courtesy of GIA

Pearls - photo courtesy of GIA

Perfect shining spheres.
Lustrous baroque forms.
Seductive strands, warm to the touch.
Pearls are simply and purely organic.


Healing and Uses:
Pearls are held to treat digestive disorders and the soft organs of the body, as well as improve the skin. They relieve conditions of bloating and biliousness. Pearls also increase fertility and ease childbirth


Pearl is also the gem for the third and thirtieth anniversary.


Modern Birthstone: Pearl, Moonstone, Alexandrite
Traditional Birthstone: Alexandrite. Emerald
Tibetan Birthstone: Moonstone
Indian Birthstone: Pearl


Alternative Birthstone Stone: Moonstone and Alexandrite



Pearl Care and Cleaning Guide

Pearls are soft and need special care and attention. They never should be carelessly tossed on top of or next to other jewelry in a jewelry box. It is best to store them in a jewelry pouch on their own. If a pearl necklace is regularly worn, as it should be, some of the pearls will constantly be in close contact with the skin at the neck at the shoulder line. Pearl pendants do not always have such constant contact with skin. The pearls in the necklace will gradually absorb acid from the skin and the acid will slowly eat into the pearl. Over time the a pearl will not only lose its luster, but will become barrel-shaped. You can slow this process down by wiping the pearls with a soft cloth after each wear.


In addition to being soft, pearls can be easily damaged by chemicals like perfume, vinegar and lemon juice. Heat can turn pearls brown or dry them out and make them crack. Dry air can also damage pearls.


When taking off a pearl ring, grasp the ring shank, or metal part, rather than the pearl. Because most pearls are only cemented in place this will prevent the pearl from loosening as well as coming into contact with skin oil on your hand.


  • Because of their delicate nature, special care must be taken when cleaning.
  • Only use jewelry cleaners labeled as safe for pearls.
  • Never use an ultrasonic cleaner.
  • Never steam-clean pearls.
  • Never use (or expose pearls) to dish or wash detergents, bleaches, powdered cleansers, baking soda, or ammonia-based cleaners (like Windex).
  • Never use toothbrushes, scouring pads or abrasive materials to clean pearls.
  • Do not wear pearls when their string is wet. Wet strings stretch and attract dirt, which is hard to remove.
  • Do not hang pearls to dry.
  • Do not store your pearls in a safety deposit box. The lack of humidity in a safety deposit box is fine for documents, but may evaporate the moisture content of the pearls and dull the lustre. Pearls that are worn frequently retain their moisture by absorbing it from the air or from the wearer's body.
  • Take your pearls off when applying cosmetics, hair spray, and perfume, or when showering or swimming.
  • Avoid wearing pearls with rough fabrics like Shetland wool.
  • Have your pearls checked and restrung if necessary.


Cleaning Pearls

You should after you wear pearls, wipe them off with a soft cloth or chamois, which may be dry or slightly damp. This will prevent dirt from building up and keep perspiration, which is slightly acidic, from eating away at the pearl nacre.


If pearls have not been kept clean and are very dirty, they can be cleaned by your jeweler or they can be cleans using special pearl cleaner. Do NOT use cleaners specifically meant for gold and silver jewelry. Some liquid dish soaps, can damage pearls. Pay attention to the areas around the drill holes where dirt may tend to collect.


After washing your pearls, lay them flat in a moist kitchen towel to dry. When the towel is dry, your pearls should be dry.


Daily Care

Pearls are an organic compound and is often considered a gemstones, although it is not a mineral therefore they are vulnerable to acid, alkaline and extremes of humidity. To preserve your pearls' appearance, avoid letting them come into contact with cosmetics, hair spray, or perfume. Always put your pearls on as a final touch, after applying make-up and styling hair.


The pearl's luster can also be harmed by perspiration. To prevent this, before returning your pearls to the jewelry box, wipe them gently with a soft cloth.


Pearl Storage

Pearls are exceptionally cohesive and shock-resistant, but may be scratched by contact with sharp objects or other gemstones. To prevent tangles and scratches, fasten clasps and pins, then lay each item out separately in a compartmentalized jewelry box. When carrying jewelry, use a protective jewelry pouch


Technical Facts

Mineral: Calcium Carbonate


Chemistry:
Pearl - CaCO3

Color: White, black, gray, yellow, orange, pink, lavender, green, blue
Refractive index: 1.52-1.69
Birefringence: None
Specific gravity: 2.60-2.85
Mohs harness: 2.5-3.0


Wikipedia Encyclopedia - Pearl

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